This short article presents results from a secondary get across-circumstances study ones about three qualitative situation education. The first studies, used by several article authors of your own most recent paper, investigated the sort, causes, and you can effects off kid marriage ceremonies and you may unions inside Brazil, Guatemala, and you can Honduras. As these was basically one of the primary studies from the LAC area, these were large within the trying know marriage strategies. In all three, although not, one another agencies and you will social norms consistently starred a job within the guy marriages and you will unions. Types of investigation range and you may data to your about three studies are summarized within the Table dos and are generally said from inside the more detail inside the the relevant e-books , , , .
Attracting regarding the dynamic framework and Graham and you can Leal’s theorization to your institution, i presented a vacation analysis study of the three fresh investigation sets to understand more about contacts and you can relationships one of girls’ service and personal norms. We analyzed the content included in the templates “agency” and you can “public norms” because they had emerged for the brand-new studies in the each investigation. In addition to evaluating direct interview transcripts, i gone back to analytical memos one demonstrated findings about three cases relating to company and public norms, following a normal practice inside the additional mix-instance analyses . Cross-thematic patterns was indeed known within this for every single data, and then, findings was basically opposed and you can compared. We aimed to expand principle off exactly how norms and you can service work together in the adding into, sustaining, and you may mitigating guy marriages and you will unions.
Over the about three configurations, available national top research ( Desk step one ) report highest rates away from kid marriages and unions and prevalence costs lined up that have participants’ own thinking. Although not, ladies, parents, and you can people players exactly the same didn’t faith a personal norm resided one actually offered guy relationship. Which is, there clearly was zero injunctive norm that women is always to wed prior to flipping 18. Not merely was here no particularly norm however, participants’ own perceptions was indeed including from the routine, that is, it really opposed guy marriage.
How could the habit continue, up coming, and you may what was the brand new part of personal norms from inside the sustaining it? When you’re there can be no standard myself supporting child marriages and you will unions, i receive a system away from norms prescribing exactly what females/women and you can people should do you to definitely indirectly lead to matrimony. Interestingly, this system off norms is actually therefore strong which trumped man’s individual attitudes, causing girls’ relationships in the event none it nor its parents envisioned its early relationship in the first place.
A main selecting from all of these degree would be the fact women exercised institution, in this system out-of norms, in manners one contributed to the marriage ceremonies and you will unions. Here, i article on three straight ways in which public norms and you may girls’ agencies intersected throughout the study countries: (1) social norms controlling girls’ acceptable procedures from the family of resource triggered the do it out-of “oppositional” agency; (2) social norms promoted men dominance and you will girls’ “accommodating” agency; and(3) female worked out “transformative” department to withstand harmful social norms, contributing to the introduction of numerous the newest norms you to definitely favored girls’ sexual and reproductive fitness.
Personal norms and you may girls’ oppositional agency
Over the knowledge, i learned that girls was exercising its company inside the oppositional implies you to definitely lead to son matrimony and you can unions. From inside the Brazil, lady and you can women talked out-of marrying guys to exit their homes regarding supply. For them, relationships is actually also known as a chance to look for versatility regarding limiting norms you to minimal its movements, procedures, matchmaking, and sexuality. The fresh new constraints you to mothers put-on girls’ flexibility were mainly driven by the parents’ worries about family relations profile, particularly the worry one to the girl perform conceive outside relationships otherwise an even more standard norm one solitary people off our home is “loose” otherwise “offered.” Because of the reverse the parents’ power over their sex (indirect, injunctive norms) or requirement that they would be to conform to intercourse norms to sugar daddies Pennsylvania prioritize relationship and you will maternal opportunities, girls registered into the unions (thus working out oppositional department).